The first study was led by Angela Christiano,

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Christiano, who’s a professor of Dermatology at Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons. The researchers discovered some previously unknown cells that ensure that mouse hair follicles don’t leave a resting state. If the activities of these cells are inhibited, dormant follicles can be reawakened.In the second research, the team of Christiano found a method for growing human hair in a dish. This method could make more men and women start exploring the idea of hair restoration surgery. It could also enhance the method that pharmaceutical companies consider when looking for new hair-growth medications.Cells that put follicles in a resting stateIn pattern baldness, lots of hair follicles are still in existence. However, they are dormant. The focus of researchers on getting drugs that function effectively in the same pathways as minoxidil and finasteride has affected their quest to find new drugs that can reawaken follicles and inhibit hair growth. Notably, minoxidil and finasteride are the only two medications that can be used by men suffering from male pattern baldness.The researchers had previously found a new pathway, known as JAK-STAT, which is active in the stem cells of resting hair follicles and makes them remain in a state of dormancy. Christiano and other researchers in his team showed that JAK inhibitors used on mouse skin are good for reawakening resting follicles in mice.Their second study was targeted at knowing more about the natural processes of making sure that the follicles remain dormant. Therefore, the researchers searched for factors that managed the activity of the JAK pathway in the hair follicle.Trichophages and its effects on hair lossDuring the search, the Colombian researchers found a formerly unknown immune-related cell type that is capable of creating a substance called Oncostatin M. This substance makes sure that the follicle doesn’t leave a dormant state. One of the authors of the study, Etienne Wang, Ph.D., notes “Rare subsets of immune cells were previously difficult to identify in a whole skin, but this work was facilitated by our ability to sequence individual cells and pinpoint the ones making Oncostatin M.”

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